Considering constantly growing world’s population, heading towards exhausting of many natural sources our society leans on and large scale of ecological issues that emerged over the last few decades, there are many initiatives worldwide focused on innovation of new models and approaches towards agriculture and ecology. One of the most important ideas is the concept of modern sustainable farming or sustainable agriculture. The Regenerative Leadership Institute engages several thousand new students per years into various courses about sustainable agriculture. Sustainable Agriculture refers to the production of food, plants and animal products by using various farming methods adjusted according to more ecological, economical and environmentally responsible criteria. To achieve these cleverly designed permaculture models and to keep them both connected to natural cycles and productive, The Regenerative Leadership Institutes has a long list of expert’s advice and tips for novice farmers. Here’s a brief rundown of just some of them.
Avoid irreversible changes
The basic idea of sustainable farming is to create indefinite food production. It primarily means that no irreversible changes during the farming process should be done. Since solid ground or healthy soil is essential for positive farm production, soil erosion is one of the basic issues you have to avoid. Although sustainable farming is a modern approach, soil erosion is still best prevented by the old methods, such as tilling the land, using fertilizers, plowing and controlling some common pests and diseases.
Controlling the pests
This matter requires a certain level of expert’s knowledge that all students of the Regenerative Leadership Institute get during lessons. Experts will teach them how to differ useful pests from harmful ones, how to implement integrated pest management methods, how to control pests in the initial phase and how to apply exteriorisation methods without endangering any other species or farm feature. These lessons, also, include learning about adequate approach towards natural pest eliminators and how to use them as natural allies without causing domination of certain ecosystems.
Smart water management
Quality, balanced and adequate watering of the sustainable farm is a vital feature of farm designing. Aside from large scale of comprehensive watering methods and systems available at the market, one must apply a certain level of expert’s knowledge here too. The crucial trick is to adjust chosen crops with local weather conditions and humidity of the local terrain. It requires knowledge about crops, as well as precise information about the terrain characteristics. Once the smart choice is made here, the adequate irrigation system should be installed. The choice of the irrigation system is determined by many farm’s characteristics; the overall size of the farming area and much more.
Other aspects to consider
Sustainable farming is a unique combination of science, art, and craftwork. There’s a wide range of aspects and features of the model to be considered to achieve the desired effect. While designing model of sustainable farm, one must consider waste management, energy sources, environmental interactions, methods for economic profitability, strategies to protect public health and another trick to make the whole system steady and lucrative in the long run.