The main water catchment areas are the wetlands. These are areas where rivers and other natural water sources originate. It is in the best interest of everyone to protect these lands along with the ecological environment around the area.
Environmental experts such as the Open Permaculture School and Regenerative Leadership Institute advise people to undertake hands-off approach when maintaining the wetlands. The hands-off approach means that the maintenance efforts do not by any chance alter the hydrological and ecological environment in which the wetlands sits. If the environment is changed, there are chances that there shall be negative effects on the water cycle. It also means that there are minimal activities that take place in the land except those that are meant to enhance the wetland. Here are some common activities that you can undertake a part of enhancing the wetland environment.
Creating greenbelts and buffers
Creating vegetative buffers and greenbelts help in protecting the wetlands against human encroachment. A greenbelt is a strip of land surrounding a wetland and occupied by natural vegetation. If the natural vegetation was removed, the rehabilitation of such an area involves planting native shrubs, trees, and ground cover while cutting down on the use of pesticides and the fertilizers.