More and more people strive to switch their diet to organic food and to avoid industrially produced meals by breeding their plants and animal products. When living in the village, this is not a problem, but urban areas impose quite of a challenge to everyone longing to design their gardens of small farms, as the sources of healthy food. The Regenerative Leadership Institute, currently most popular educational center providing education and training about leadership, sustainability and permaculture, also provides many courses and workshops for everyone interested in urban permaculture. To gain all the required knowledge and master the basic skills of urban permaculture, you should go through the whole integrated course at the Institute with all its lessons and practice. However, here are some basic directions for everyone aiming to design and create a permaculture garden in the urban area, following the ideas and principles of the sustainable agriculture.
Create educated and well-planned design
It’s possible that the whole model would break your budget if you tried to create it all at once, so be sure to create high-quality plan and project that will allow you to improve it step by step. While creating the plan and designing the project, follow the major principles of permaculture trying to imitate natural patterns. Make the most you can out of the given space. Analyze the features of the soil, environment, available irrigation systems, optimal crops and watch for potential risks, pollution, and threats to the public health.
Soil and water
Probably two most important features you have to consider carefully. Study thoroughly various types of soil you can deposit in layers in the case the basic layer of soil is infertile. Don’t forget the possibility of fertilizers and various methods of avoiding and preventing soil erosion. Further, make a precise plan for irrigation. Mark the places that need the most watering and consider the draining ways of water in your garden. Water is a valuable natural source, so all your permaculture irrigation plans should be based upon sustainability and preservation of water.
Creative ways to use the space
Permaculture techniques provide various strategies for imitation natural courses and gaining the most productive agriculture area with minimal efforts and damages. Study various no-dig methods, such as spot planting and sheet mulching to get more plantable space in your garden while imitating the way nature does all that.
Choose optimal perennials and crops
The trick is to match the characteristics and conditions adequately in the garden with planted species and the conditions they require. Consider weather conditions, average number of raining days, temperatures, quality of the soil and interactions with surrounding ecosystems before you choose the collection of the optimal species for breeding and planting.
Planting requires patience!
However carefully you plan and design your permaculture urban garden, however, quality and expert’s ideas and techniques you apply, some things are simply the matter of experience. Keep your spirit and enthusiasm even if you face some fails, mistakes and unexpected unpleasant surprises.